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Understanding the Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio Internacional y Culto Resolución 42/2024

Exploring the Context

In the bustling city of Buenos Aires, on the 19th of January 2024, the Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio Internacional y Culto issued Resolución 42/2024. This resolution, marked as RESOL-2024-42-APN-MRE, delves into significant considerations and actions taken concerning international relations and sanctions.

Deciphering the Legal Framework

The Foundational Decree

The resolution stems from a series of legal documents, including the Charter of the United Nations, ratified by Law No. 12.838, and Decree No. 1521 of November 1, 2004, along with its amendments. These legal foundations establish the protocol for disseminating resolutions adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, particularly those imposing mandatory measures and sanctions.

Disclosure Obligations

Article 1 of Decree No. 1521/04 mandates the Ministry to disclose Security Council resolutions that impose non-military mandatory measures and sanctions through official publications. Similarly, Article 2 outlines the Ministry’s responsibility to disseminate consolidated lists of sanctioned individuals or entities through its official website and the National Official Gazette.

Evolution of Sanctions

Historical Precedents

Previous resolutions, notably Resolution No. 2127 (2013) and its successors, imposed sanctions, including arms embargoes and asset freezes, concerning the situation in the Central African Republic.

Recent Developments

Resolution No. 2693 (2023) modified the embargo on arms supply, sale, or transfer and the notification requirements, extending them for relevant actors until July 31, 2024. Additionally, it extended the mandate of the Expert Group until August 31, 2024.

Administrative Actions

Interdepartmental Involvement

The Secretariats of External Coordination and Planning, as well as Foreign Relations, have played crucial roles within their jurisdictions.

Legal Oversight

The General Directorate of Legal Affairs has provided necessary oversight within its scope of competence.

Enactment and Conclusions

By virtue of the powers conferred by Article 1 of Decree No. 1521 of November 1, 2004, and its amendments, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Worship, Diana Mondino, decrees the following:

Article 1:

The disclosure of Resolution No. 2693 (2023) of the UN Security Council, regarding sanctions concerning the situation in the Central African Republic, as detailed in the attached Annex.

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Article 2:

The publication of the list of individuals and entities subject to sanctions related to the Central African Republic, as detailed in the attached Annex, on the Ministry’s website and in compliance with legal directives.

Article 3:

Communication, publication, submission to the National Official Gazette, and archiving of this resolution.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Why is Resolución 42/2024 significant?

Resolución 42/2024 addresses crucial international sanctions and disclosure protocols, ensuring compliance with legal obligations.

What impact do these sanctions have on international relations?

These sanctions influence diplomatic relationships and underscore international efforts to address crises and maintain peace and security.

How does this resolution affect entities listed in the sanctions?

Entities listed face restrictions on activities and may experience asset freezes, impacting their operations and financial stability.

What role do interdepartmental bodies play in this process?

Bodies like the Secretariats of External Coordination and Planning, and Foreign Relations, facilitate coordinated efforts and ensure comprehensive actions.

How does this resolution align with international law?

Resolución 42/2024 adheres to established international legal frameworks, emphasizing compliance with UN directives and obligations.

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