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Overhaul of Import Licensing Procedures: Ministry of Economy’s Resolution

Background and Legal Framework

In a significant move aimed at streamlining import operations, the Ministry of Economy’s recent Resolution marks a pivotal shift in licensing procedures. Resolution 1/2023 not only abrogates a prior directive but also aligns with international trade agreements, promising a more efficient importation process.

The foundation for this resolution lies in the Acta Final, approved by Law No. 24.425, which incorporates outcomes from the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations. This Acta Final includes decisions, ministerial declarations, and the establishment of the World Trade Organization (WTO) through the Marrakech Agreement.

Evolution of Licensing Agreements

The Annex 1A of the Marrakech Agreement encompasses various agreements, among which is the Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures. Previously, Resolution No. 523, dated July 5, 2017, mandated the Automatic Import Licenses for all goods under the Mercosur Common Nomenclature (MCN), except for specific categories requiring Non-Automatic Import Licenses.

Modernization through Collaboration

In line with efforts to simplify import operations and in harmony with the implementation of the Import Statistics System (SEDI), established by the Joint Resolution No. 5.466 of December 22, 2023, by the Federal Public Revenue Administration and the Ministry of Economy’s Secretariat of Commerce, the decision to abrogate the aforementioned resolution and its amendments emerges as both timely and beneficial.

International Compliance and Legal Basis

This resolution not only aligns with the WTO’s Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures but also adheres to the provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade of 1994, the Annex I of the Asunción Treaty approved by Law No. 23.981, and the Montevideo Treaty of 1980 approved by Law No. 22.354.

Legal Approval and Implementation

Having received due scrutiny from the legal services, this measure is enacted within the powers granted by Decree No. 50 of December 19, 2019, and its subsequent amendments.

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Decisive Action: Resolution Details

Article 1: The Resolution No. 523 of July 5, 2017, of the Secretariat of Commerce of the former Ministry of Production, along with its amendments, is hereby abrogated.

Article 2: This resolution shall come into effect on the day following its publication in the Official Gazette.

Article 3: Communicate, publish, submit to the National Directorate of the Official Registry, and archive.

In conclusion, the Ministry’s decisive move to streamline import licensing procedures not only signifies a commitment to international trade agreements but also sets the stage for a more efficient and transparent importation process. This strategic alignment with global standards is poised to impact businesses positively, fostering a conducive environment for international trade.

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