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Decree 218/2024: Safeguarding Argentina’s Agricultural Production

Introduction

The National Service of Agri-Food Health and Quality (SENASA) in Argentina has introduced Resolution 218/2024 to address critical issues concerning agricultural health and quality. This decree aims to protect agricultural production across the country from harmful biological agents and ensure compliance with national regulations and standards.

Background

The resolution draws from various legal frameworks, including Decree-Law No. 6.704 of August 12, 1963, which mandates the defense of agricultural production against detrimental agents. Additionally, Law No. 27.233 prioritizes the health of vegetables and the prevention of diseases and pests affecting national agriculture. SENASA plays a pivotal role as the regulatory authority responsible for planning, executing, and monitoring actions outlined in this legislation.

Responsibilities

Under the law, individuals and entities involved in agricultural production must prioritize the health, safety, and quality of their products. This responsibility extends to all stages of the production process, including cultivation, processing, and distribution.

Control and Eradication Programs

The resolution approves the National Program for Control and Eradication of Fruit Flies (PROCEM), targeting pests like the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied.). Certain regions, such as the Uco Valley in Mendoza and the Patagonian productive valleys, have been declared free of fruit fly infestation.

Importance of Pest Control

Effective control of fruit flies is crucial for meeting phytosanitary requirements in international markets with quarantine restrictions. Recent surveillance data from PROCEM indicates a rise in pest populations, leading to increased production losses and the risk of infested fruit entering protected areas.

Implementation of Phytosanitary Measures

To address these challenges, an Agricultural Health Alert is declared, necessitating enhanced preventive measures and surveillance. These include integrated pest management strategies, cultural controls such as fruit collection and destruction, and the adoption of other measures determined by SENASA.

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Enforcement and Compliance

The resolution establishes penalties for non-compliance with its provisions, in accordance with existing legislation. Sanctions may include administrative measures and fines, reinforcing the importance of adherence to phytosanitary regulations.

Conclusion

Resolution 218/2024 issued by SENASA underscores Argentina’s commitment to safeguarding agricultural production against pests and diseases. By implementing comprehensive control measures and fostering collaboration among stakeholders, the country aims to ensure the health and sustainability of its agricultural sector.

FAQs

  1. What is SENASA?
  2. SENASA stands for the National Service of Agri-Food Health and Quality, responsible for ensuring the health and safety of agricultural products in Argentina.

  3. Why is fruit fly control important?
  4. Fruit flies pose a significant threat to agricultural production by causing crop damage and impacting trade due to quarantine restrictions in international markets.

  5. What are integrated pest management strategies?
  6. Integrated pest management involves using a combination of biological, cultural, and chemical control methods to effectively manage pest populations.

  7. What are the consequences of non-compliance with Resolution 218/2024?
  8. Non-compliance may result in administrative sanctions and fines, highlighting the importance of adherence to phytosanitary regulations to protect agricultural interests.

  9. How does Resolution 218/2024 contribute to sustainable agriculture?
  10. By promoting proactive measures to control pests and diseases, the resolution helps maintain the health and productivity of agricultural ecosystems, supporting long-term sustainability goals.

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