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Agorism vs. Anarcho-Capitalism: Understanding the Differences

When it comes to political and economic ideologies, it’s not always easy to fit them neatly into the traditional left-right spectrum. Agorism and anarcho-capitalism are two such ideologies that challenge the conventional categorizations. In this article, we will explore the differences between agorism and anarcho-capitalism, shed light on their core principles, and discuss their relationship to other economic and political ideologies.

Agorism: A Revolutionary Approach to Economics

Agorism, also known as counter-economics, is an ideology that advocates for the creation of a society based on voluntary exchange and the gradual dismantling of the state through peaceful means. It was first proposed by Samuel Edward Konkin III in the 1970s as an alternative to both traditional left-wing and right-wing ideologies.

At its core, agorism emphasizes the importance of free markets, individual liberty, and non-aggression. Agorists believe that individuals should be free to engage in any voluntary exchange without interference from the state. They argue that the state, with its monopoly on force, distorts the market and stifles individual freedom.

Unlike anarcho-capitalism, agorism does not seek to establish a society based on private property rights. Instead, it focuses on counter-economics, which refers to the practice of engaging in economic activities that are currently illegal or outside the purview of the state. Agorists believe that by participating in counter-economic activities, individuals can undermine the state’s authority and gradually pave the way for a stateless society.

Anarcho-Capitalism: Where Capitalism Meets Anarchy

Anarcho-capitalism, also known as libertarian capitalism or market anarchism, is an ideology that advocates for the complete elimination of the state and the establishment of a society based on voluntary cooperation and free markets. It combines the principles of anarchism with the economic system of capitalism.

Central to anarcho-capitalism is the belief in the absolute right to private property. Anarcho-capitalists argue that all property, including land and resources, should be privately owned and exchanged through voluntary transactions. They believe that without the state’s interference, the market will naturally regulate itself and allocate resources efficiently.

Anarcho-capitalism is often associated with thinkers like Murray Rothbard and Ludwig von Mises. It shares many similarities with classical liberalism and libertarianism but takes a more radical approach by advocating for the complete abolition of the state.

The Relationship Between Agorism and Anarcho-Capitalism

While agorism and anarcho-capitalism share some common principles, they are distinct ideologies with different approaches to achieving a stateless society. Agorists focus on engaging in counter-economic activities to undermine the state, while anarcho-capitalists advocate for the complete elimination of the state through voluntary cooperation and free markets.

It’s important to note that agorism is not a form of anarcho-capitalism. Agorists reject the idea of a society based on private property rights and instead emphasize the importance of counter-economics as a means of achieving a stateless society.

Anarchism and its Relationship to Libertarianism and Communism

Anarchism is a broad term that encompasses various ideologies advocating for the abolition of hierarchical systems of power, including the state. While anarcho-capitalism falls under the umbrella of anarchism, it is important to recognize that not all anarchists are capitalists.


Anarcho-communism, for example, is an ideology that combines the principles of anarchism with communism. Anarcho-communists argue for the abolition of both the state and private property, advocating for a society based on common ownership and voluntary cooperation.

Libertarian socialism is another ideology that combines elements of both libertarianism and socialism. It seeks to achieve a society based on individual liberty and economic equality through decentralized decision-making and worker control of the means of production.

Anarchist Critiques of Capitalism and Extreme Forms of Capitalism

Anarchists, regardless of their specific ideology, often criticize capitalism for its inherent inequalities and exploitative nature. They argue that capitalism concentrates wealth and power in the hands of a few, while leaving the majority at a disadvantage.

Extreme forms of capitalism, such as laissez-faire capitalism or anarcho-capitalism, are often criticized for their potential to exacerbate these inequalities. Critics argue that without regulations and social safety nets, these systems can lead to the exploitation of workers, environmental degradation, and the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few.

The Current State of Anarcho-Capitalism in the US

Anarcho-capitalism, while influential in certain libertarian circles, remains a minority ideology in the United States. Its principles and ideas have had an impact on libertarian thought and have influenced discussions on limited government and free markets.

However, the practical implementation of anarcho-capitalism on a large scale remains a subject of debate and speculation. Critics argue that without a centralized authority to enforce property rights and resolve disputes, anarcho-capitalism could lead to chaos and the emergence of new forms of hierarchy.

The Two Economic Ideologies: Agorism and Anarcho-Capitalism

In summary, agorism and anarcho-capitalism are distinct ideologies that challenge traditional left-right categorizations. Agorism focuses on counter-economics as a means of achieving a stateless society, while anarcho-capitalism advocates for the complete elimination of the state through voluntary cooperation and free markets.

Both ideologies share a commitment to individual liberty and the rejection of state interference in economic affairs. However, they differ in their approaches and views on private property rights. Understanding these differences is crucial for engaging in informed discussions on political and economic ideologies.

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